What were the Lancashire Walnes up to in 1911?

Were they all in cotton? Well, yes, many of them!

The rubber workers were in Leyland (surprise!) and the ‘other’ category includes a newspaper canvasser, a carter, a clerk, a coal miner, two gardeners, a night watchman at a gas works, a groom, a miller, a shop assistant, a sanitary inspector, a silk winder, a stationery printer and a telegraphist as well as an unmarried lady performing domestic duties. This is the largest sample (n=67).

Here, ‘adults’ does not include wives, because the vast majority of them are listed in the 1911 census with no occupation. I’m sure they were very busy, but such is the census. Those of 61+ are also excluded and graphed separately (see below).

Here are the wives (including widows), most of whom as noted had no occupation. A few were listed as weavers or doing domestic duties eg housekeeper, while two were working in shops. (n=37).

12-18 year olds were split between those still at school (4) and the majority, who were already working. Most were in cotton, like their parents. (n=17).

As expected, under 11s were either listed with no occupation or as scholars (n=37).

Completing the picture, those of 61+ bucked the cotton trend. Unsurprisingly half were retired, the next group being largely occupied in agriculture, suggesting perhaps the younger generations had migrated to towns and factories. This is by far the smallest sample though (n=6).

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